New York started as a Dutch trading post in 1624; it was taken by the English in 1664.
It was an important city in the American Revolution, home to the Stamp Act Congress and site of the Battle of Long Island in 1776.
Completion of the Erie Canal in 1819 spurred the city's continuing growth, as did a massive influx of immigrants throughout the 19th century. The subway system opened in 1904, helping unite the boroughs of the city.
New York's diverse collection of skyscrapers includes Gothic revival, Art Deco, and international style buildings. The city's brownstone row houses are better known than its Tudor Revival and Victorian homes.